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Categories: TheropodaCarnivoreGermanyTrossingenTriassic

LILIENSTERNUS

Pronunciation: LIL-ee-en-SHTER-nus
Meaning: for Lilienstern
Named by: Welles (1984)
Synonyms: Halticosaurus liliensterni
First discovery: Thuringia, Germany
Roar factor: 7/10

Liliensternus liliensterni

Liliensternus was originally assigned to Halticosaurus as Halticosaurus liliensterni by Friedrich von Huene in 1934, but when Samuel Paul Welles found that the Halticosaurus type specimen—Halticosaurus longotarsus—was dubious on account of its remains being hardly identifiable as the property of a dinosaur, von Huene's critter was in need of a new name. Welles coined Liliensternus in 1984 for Dr. Hugo Rühle von Lilienstern,[•] following the lead of von Huene who named the epithet after Lilienstern too. But was Liliensternus liliensterni so good they named it twice? Well, not really, because despite being the best-represented Triassic theropod from the whole of Europe "the best" still isn't that good.
"Liliensternus airelensis"
A second species of Liliensternus was named in 1993 based on remains found in the Moon-Airel Formation of Normandy, France in 1966, which were originally assigned to Halticoaurus sp. by C. Larsonneur and Albert-Félix de Lapparent. It was renamed Liliensternus airelensis by Gilles Cuny and Peter Galton 1993, and Cuny and Martin Ezcurra renamed it Lophostropheus airelensis in 2007.
Etymology
Liliensternus is named in honor of Hugo Ruhle von Lilienstern, full time doctor and amateur paleontologist from Bedheim, Germany. The species epithet was named for von Lilienstern too, as a thankyou for opening a paleontological museum in his castle on 1st July 1934. The Liliensternus fossils remained there until 1969 when they were transferred to the Humboldt Museum in Berlin.
Discovery
The first remains of Liliensternus were discovered in the Trossingen Formation of Großen Gleichberg, Römhild, Thuringia, central Germany by Hugo Rühle von Lilienstern in 1922 and 1923, and were referred to Halticosaurus as Halticosaurus liliensterni. In keeping with the bad habits of early paleontologists, Lilienternus liliensterni was not assigned a holotype. Welles named the "larger" of two specimens (HMN BM.R 2175) as a syntype in 1984 but it's almost impossible to seperate the two specimens by size, there may even be more than two, so all of its remains were bundled together by Rauhaut and Hungerbuühler in 1998.
References
• F. v. Huene (1934) "Ein neuer Coelurosaurier in der thüringischen Trias".
• S.P. Welles (1984) "Dilophosaurus wetherilli (Dinosauria, Theropoda): osteology and comparisons".
• Ronald S. Tykoski and Timothy Rowe (2004) Chapter 3: "Ceratosauria" in Weishampel, Dodson and Osmólska "The Dinosauria: Second edition". /uk.
• David E. Fastovsky, David B. Weishampel and John Sibbick (2005) "The Evolution and Extinction of the Dinosaurs". /uk.
• M.D. Ezcurra and G. Cuny (2007) "The coelophysoid Lophostropheus airelensis, gen. nov.: a review of the systematics of "Liliensternus" airelensis from the Triassic-Jurassic boundary outcrops of Normandy (France)".
• Rahaut and Hungerbuhler (1998) "A review of European Triassic theropods".
• Oliver W. M. Rauhaut (2003) "Special Papers in Palaeontology, The Interrelationships and Evolution of Basal Theropod Dinosaurs (No. 69)". /uk.
Estimations
Timeline:
Era: Mesozoic
Period: Late Triassic
Timespan: 228-209 million years ago
Age: Norian
Vital Stats:
Est. Max. Length: 5.2 meters
Est. Max. Height: 2 meters
Est. Max. Weight: 300 kg
Diet: Herbivorous
Family Tree:
Dinosauria
Saurischia
Theropoda
Neotheropoda
Coelophysoidea
Liliensternus
liliensterni
             
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