a plant-eating titanosaurian sauropod dinosaur from the Late Cretaceous of India.
Madhya Pradesh, India
(Indian giant lizard)Etymology
is derived from the Greek "Titan" (a mythical giant from Greek mythology) and "sauros" (lizard).
The species epithet
, means "Indian" in Latin.
The first remains of Titanosaurus indicus
were collected by a British Army officer known as Lieutenant-Colonel W. H. Sleeman from Bara Simla Hill, a locality adjacent to the Gun Carriage Factory near the city of Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh, Central
India, in 1828.
(BMNH R.5934) is two worn vertebrae which went missing for the best part of 134 years, then lo and behold they were rediscovered
by D.M. Mohabey and Subhasis Sen on 25th April 2012 on the first floor of 27 J. N. Road (the Geological Survey of India's Central Headquarters), Kolkata, amongst Richard Lydekker's collection of Mesozoic vertebrate fossils. Lydekker had added a partial femur, discovered by Medlicott in 1871, to the holotype because it came from the same location as the vertebrae, though it was from the older "Green sand" below the "Main Lameta Limestone", so Huene and Matley formally referred it to Antarctosaurus
: Late Cretaceous
: 71-66 mya
Est. max. length
: 12 meters
Est. max. hip height
Est. max. weight
: 12 tons
• Sleeman WH (1844) "Rambles and recollections of an Indian official
". Vol. I, Page 478. J. Hatchard & Son, 187, Piccadilly, London.
• Lydekker R (1877) "Notices of new and other Vertebrata from Indian Tertiary and Secondary rocks". Records of the Geological Survey of India.
• Lydekker R (1888) "Catalogue of fossil reptilia and Amphibia in the British Museum. Pt. I. Containing the orders Ornithosauria, Crocodilia, Dinosauria, Squamata, Rhynchocephalia, and Proterosauria". British Museum of Natural History, London, pp 309.
• Hoffet J-H (1942) "Description de quelques ossements de Titanosauriens du Sénonien du Bas-Laos [Description of some titanosaurian bones from the Senonian of Lower Laos
]". Comptes Rendus des Séances du Conseil des Recherches Scientifiques de l'Indochine 1942(1): 49-57. (coins Titanosaurus falloti.)
• Swinton WE (1947) "New discoveries of Titanosaurus indicus
The annals and magazine of natural history, (II) 14: 112-123.
Pang Q and Cheng Z (2000) "A new family of sauropod dinosaur from the Upper Cretaceous of Tianzhen, Shanxi province, China". Acta Geologica Sinica 74(2): 117-125. doi:10.1111/j.1755-6724.2000.tb00438.x
• Wilson JA and Upchurch P (2003) "A revision of Titanosaurus Lydekker - the first dinosaur genus with a "Gondwanan" distribution
". Journal of Systematic Palaeontology, 1(3): 125-160.
• Wilson JA (2011) "Anatomical terminology for the sacrum of sauropod dinosaurs". Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology, University of Michigan, 32(5): 59-69.
• Geological Survey Of India (2012) "Rediscovering the First Dinosaur in India
• Srivastava AK and Mankar RS (2013)
"A dinosaurian ulna from a new locality of Lameta succession, Salbardi
area, districts Amravati, Maharashtra and Betul, Madhya Pradesh". Scientific Correspondence, Current Science, Vol. 105, No. 7, pp 900-901.
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