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ZALMOXES

a plant-eating rhabdodontid ornithischian dinosaur from the Late Cretaceous of Romania.
Pronunciation: zal-MOCH-seez
Meaning: for Zalmoxis (Dacian deity)
Author/s: Weishampel et al. (2003)
Synonyms: See below
First Discovery: Hunedoara, Romania
Chart Position: 423

Zalmoxes robustus

Etymology
Zalmoxes is named for Zalmoxis—also known as Salmoxis, Beleizis or Gebeleizis, and perhaps adopted by the Celts under the name Belenos—who was apparently a Romanian slave of the Greek teacher Phythagoras on the island of Samos. He was freed, returned home to Dacia (an ancient European land that includes present Romania) where he ammassed great riches, and built a huge hall for feasting and frivolity where he would enteratain noblefolk and fill their heads with notions of immortality and eternal wealth. Then he buried himself for four years in an undeground tomb, emerged unscathed to prove his point, and was inducted into the Dacian pantheon as God of the mysteries and the underworld. Now aloof, it was utterly important that the Dacian folk get messages to their favourite deity every four years, and bearing in mind the high regard with which Godly messengers were held in other cultures, such as Hermes to the Greeks, the mail-man was the job to have. So to whittle-down the overwhelming number of applicants the village folk would throw them one by one high into the air, then catch them, on the business-end of their spears! Anyone who survived was deemed unworthy of the task and appointments were made on a "die first and the job is yours" basis. Zalmoxes the dinosaur was entombed for more than a measely four years, but when Franz Nopcsa released it from its subterranean crypt in the twilight of the 19th Century it likewise attained immortality, in a literary sense.
The species epithet, robustus, means "robust" in Latin.
Discovery
The first remains of Zalmoxes were discovered in the Sânpetru Formation, Hațeg (say "Hat-zeg") Basin, Hunedoara County, Romania, in 1897 by Farenc Nopcsa who named them Mochlodon robustum in 1902.
The holotype (BMNH R3392) a right dentary (tooth-bearing bone of the lower jaw).
Estimations
Timeline:
Era: Mesozoic
Epoch: Late Cretaceous
Stage: Maastrichtian
Age range: 71-66 mya
Stats:
Est. max. length: 2.5 meters
Est. max. hip height: 0.7 meters
Est. max. weight: 80 Kg
Diet: Herbivore
zalmoxessize
Synonyms
Camptosaurus inkeyi (Nopcsa, 1899)
Onychosaurus hungaricus (Nopcsa, 1902)
Mochlodon robustum (Nopcsa, 1902)
Rhabdodon robustum (Nopcsa, 1915)
References
• David B. Weishampel and Coralia-Maria Jianu (2011) "Transylvanian Dinosaurs".
• Winand Brinkmann (1986) "Rhabdodon Matheron, 1869 (Reptilia, Ornithischia): Proposed conservation by suppression of Rhabdodon Fleischmann, 1831 (Reptilia, Serpentes)". Case 2536. Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 43: 269-272.
• David B. Weishampel, Coralia-Maria Jianu, Zoltan Csiki, David B. Norman (2003) "Osteology and phylogeny of Zalmoxes (n. g.), an unusual Euornithopod dinosaur from the latest Cretaceous of Romania". Journal of Systematic Palaentology 1(2): 65–123.
• David B. Norman (2004) "Basal Iguanodontia" in Weishampel, Dodson and Osmólska "The Dinosauria: Second Edition".
• P. Godefroit, V. Codrea & D. B. Weishampel (2009) "Osteology of Zalmoxes shqiperorum, based on new specimens from Nalat-Vad, Romania". GEODIVERSITAS 31(Sep 2009):525-553
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To cite this page:
Atkinson, L. "ZALMOXES :: from DinoChecker's dinosaur archive".
›. Web access: 26th Mar 2017.
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