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What is a Lectotype?

All dinosaurs (and indeed all creatures) if they are to be considered valid in the eyes of the ICZN must have a bit or articulated bits of their skeleton nominated as the type specimen; a part that sports features unique to that species, that stands it apart from all other species, and carries that species' name.

Back in the day, paleontologists would assign whole series of bits to a dinosaur (known as syntypes) without nominating a single type specimen (also known as a holotype). To keep things clean and tidy, and reduce the risk of future confusion, a single and most distinct bit (or articulated bits) can later be chosen from the syntypes and nominated as the type specimen. This is known as the Lectotype.
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To cite this page:
Atkinson, L. "DinoChecker FAQ entry :: What is a Lectotype?"
http://www.dinochecker.com/dinosaurfaqs/what-is-a-lectotype›. Web access: 25th Jul 2017.
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