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XINJIANGOVENATOR

a carnivorous maniraptoran theropod dinosaur from the Early Cretaceous of China.
Pronunciation: SHEEN-JEE-yong-o-veh-NAY-tuhr
Meaning: Xinjiang hunter
Author/s: Rauhut and Xu (2005)
Synonyms: None known
First Discovery: Xinjiang, China
Chart Position: 466

Xinjiangovenator parvus

Xinjiangovenator is a small carnivorous dinosaur, most probably a maniraptoran, whose remains were originally assigned to the obscure theropod Phaedrolosaurus in 1973. Problem is, Phaedrolosaurus is based on just a single tooth, so it beats us why Dong would assign a partial leg to it, especially a leg from a completely different locality.

It's suprising too that the remains were intertwined for so long, as they weren't actually separated until 2005 when Rauhut and Xu gave the leg its own name - Xinjiangovenator parvus - and declared Phaedrolosaurus a nomen dubium (dubius naming).
(Small Xinjiang Hunter) Etymology
Xinjiangovenator is derived from "Xinjiang" (for the autonomous region of Xinjiang, China) and the Latin "venator" (hunter).
The species epithet (or specific name), parvus, means "small" in Latin.
Discovery
The remains of Xinjiangovenator were discovered in the Lianmuqin Formation of Wuerho, Xinjiang, China, by Zhiming Dong in 1973.
The holotype (IVPP 4024-2) is a partial right lower leg—including a 312 millimetre long shin (tibia), three pieces of calf (fibula), and some ankle bones (calcaneum and the astragalus)—with some similarities to both Bagaraatan and maniraptorans.
Estimations
Timeline:
Era: Mesozoic
Epoch: Early Cretaceous
Stage: Aptian-Albian
Age range: 125-100 mya
Stats:
Est. max. length: 3 meters
Est. max. hip height: ?
Est. max. weight: 70 Kg
Diet: Carnivore
Family Tree:
Dinosauria
Saurischia
Theropoda
Tetanurae
Coelurosauria
Maniraptora?
Xinjiangovenator
parvus
References
• Zhiming Dong (1973) "Dinosaurs from Wuerho".
• O.W.M.Rauhut and X. Xu (2005) "The small theropod dinosaurs Tugulusaurus and Phaedrolosaurus from the Early Cretaceous of Xinjiang, China".
• H.-D. Sues (1977) "The skull of Velociraptor mongoliensis, a small Cretaceous theropod dinosaur from Mongolia".
• G.S. Paul (2010) "The Princeton Field Guide to Dinosaurs". (Page 100).
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To cite this page:
Atkinson, L. "XINJIANGOVENATOR :: from DinoChecker's dinosaur archive".
›. Web access: 21st Sep 2017.
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