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BURIANOSAURUS

a plant-eating ornithopod dinosaur from the Late Cretaceous of the Czech Republic.
Pronunciation: BOO-ree-AN-o-SOR-us
Meaning: Burian lizard
Author/s: Madzia et al. (2017)
Synonyms: None known
First Discovery: Mezholezy, Czech Republic
Chart Position: 814

Burianosaurus augustai

Apart from a single tooth crown from an indeterminate Oxfordian-aged tetanurine that was previously assigned to a long-jawed crocodyliform called Teleosaurus, Burianosaurus represents the only definitive occurrence of a non-avian dinosaur noted from the Czech Republic. It was initially described way back in 2005 when anything European and remotely Iguanodon-like was classed as an iguanodontid, and England's Iguanodon anglicus was the yard stick by which they were all measured. However, since then, Belgium's Iguanodon bernissartensis has taken the mantle of name bearer and many traditional "iguanodontids" have been found wanting, one of which is Burianosaurus whose solitary fossil—a scavenger-chewed thighbone—turned out to belong to a non-iguanodontid ornithopod.
(Augusta and Burian's Lizard)Etymology
Burianosaurus is derived from "burian" (for Czech palaeoartist Zdenĕk Burian [1905–1981] who greatly influenced the perception of dinosaurs during most of the twentieth century) and the Greek "sauros" (lizard). The species epithet, augustai, refers to the prominent Czech palaeontologist and prolific science populariser Josef Augusta [1903–1968].
Discovery
The remains of Burianosaurus were discovered in the Korycany Beds of the Peruc Korycany Formation, Mezholezy (Kutná Hora District), Czech Republic, by Michal Moučka during a field visit to an abandoned quarry north of Nová Lhota Village in 2003.
The holotype (NMP Ob 203) is a left thighbone that was initially described as an iguanodontid by Fejfar et al. in 2005, under the temporary catalogue number IGP MZHLZ/2003/1. The surface preserves scavenger bite marks.
Estimations
Timeline:
Era: Mesozoic
Epoch: Late Cretaceous
Stage: Cenomanian
Age range: 99-94 mya
Stats:
Est. max. length: ?
Est. max. hip height: ?
Est. max. weight: ?
Diet: Herbivore
References
• Daniel Madzia, Clint A. Boyd and Martin Mazuch (2017) "A basal ornithopod dinosaur from the Cenomanian of the Czech Republic". Journal of Systematic Palaeontology (advance online publication).
• Fejfar O, Košťák M, Kvaček J, Mazuch M and Moučka M (2005) "First Cenomanian dinosaur from Central Europe (Czech Republic)". Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 50: 295–300.
• Madzia D (2014) "The first non-avian theropod from the Czech Republic". Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 59: 855–862.
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To cite this page:
Atkinson, L. "BURIANOSAURUS :: from DinoChecker's dinosaur archive".
›. Web access: 15th Dec 2017.
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