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VENENOSAURUS

a plant-eating brachiosaurid sauropod dinosaur from the Early Cretaceous of North America.
Pronunciation: veh-NEN-o-SOR-us
Meaning: Poison Lizard
Author/s: Tidwell et al. (2001)
Synonyms: None known
First Discovery: Utah, USA
Chart Position: 405

Venenosaurus dicrocei

Being that venomous critters generally use their poison as a means to incapacitate something that they wish to eat, the "veneno" of Venenosaurus — from the Latin venenum meaning poison — may seem like a strange word to be attaching to a strict vegetarian, even one that's 10 meters long. And it would be. But it all makes sense when you look at its place of discovery; the Poison Strip Member of Utah's Cedar Mountain Formation where Denver Museum of Natural History volunteer Anthony DiCroce discovered its fossils in 1998, so our search for a toxin-crippling dinosaur continues. Humphh.
(Di Croce's poison strip lizard)Etymology
Venenosaurus is derived from the Latin "venenum" (poison, for the Poison Strip Member of the Cedar Mountain Formation in Utah) and the Greek "sauros" (lizard).
The species epithet, (di-KROH-chee-ie) honors Tony DiCroce.
Discovery
The remains of Venenosaurus were discovered at "Tony's Bone Bed" in the Poison Strip Sandstone Member of the Cedar Mountain Formation, Grand County, Utah, by Denver Museum of Natural History volunteer Tony DiCroce in 1998.
The holotype (DMNH 40932, housed at the Denver Museum of Natural History) includes tail (caudal) vertebrae, the left shoulder blade (scapula), right lower arm bone (radius), left lower arm bone (ulna), hand and finger bones (metacarpals and phalanges), a partial hip (right pubis, left and right ischia), some foot bones (metatarsals), plus chevrons and ribs.
Estimations
Timeline:
Era: Mesozoic
Epoch: Early Cretaceous
Stage: Aptian
Age range: 125-112 mya
Stats:
Est. max. length: 10 meters
Est. max. hip height: ?
Est. max. weight: 8 tons
Diet: Herbivore
References
• Tidwell V, Carpenter K and Meyer S (2001) "New Titanosauriform (Sauropoda) from the Poison Strip Member of the Cedar Mountain Formation (Lower Cretaceous), Utah" in Tanke and Carpenter (eds.) "Mesozoic Vertebrate Life".
• Tidwell V and Wilhite DR (2005) "Ontogenic variation and isometric growth in the forelimb of the Early Cretaceous sauropod Venenosaurus" in Tidwell and Carpenter (eds.) "Thunder-Lizards: The Sauropodomorph Dinosaurs".
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All dinos are GM free, and no herbivores were eaten during site construction!
To cite this page:
Atkinson, L. "VENENOSAURUS :: from DinoChecker's dinosaur archive".
›. Web access: 25th Jun 2017.
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