Pronunciation: veh-NEN-o-SOR-us Meaning: Poison Lizard Author/s: Tidwell et al. (2001) Synonyms: None known First Discovery: Utah, USA Chart Position: 404
Being that venomous critters generally use their poison as a means to incapacitate something that they wish to eat, the "veneno" of Venenosaurus — from the Latin venenum meaning poison — may seem like a strange word to be attaching to a strict vegetarian, even one that's 10 meters long. And it would be. But it all makes sense when you look at its place of discovery; the Poison Strip Member of Utah's Cedar Mountain Formation where Denver Museum of Natural History volunteer Anthony DiCroce discovered its fossils in 1998, so our search for a toxin-crippling dinosaur continues. Humphh.
(Di Croce's poison strip lizard)EtymologyVenenosaurus is derived from the Latin "venenum" (poison, for the Poison Strip Member of the Cedar Mountain Formation in Utah) and the Greek "sauros" (lizard).
The species epithet, (di-KROH-chee-ie) honors Tony DiCroce.
DiscoveryThe remains of Venenosaurus were discovered at "Tony's Bone Bed" in the Poison Strip Sandstone Member of the Cedar Mountain Formation, Grand County, Utah, by Denver Museum of Natural History volunteer Tony DiCroce in 1998.
The holotype (DMNH 40932, housed at the Denver Museum of Natural History) includes tail (caudal) vertebrae, the left shoulder blade (scapula), right lower arm bone (radius), left lower arm bone (ulna), hand and finger bones (metacarpals and phalanges), a partial hip (right pubis, left and right ischia), some foot bones (metatarsals), plus chevrons and ribs.