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NOMINGIA

an omnivorous oviraptorid theropod dinosaur from the Late Cretaceous of Mongolia.
nomingia
Pronunciation: no-MIN-gee-uh
Meaning: from the Nomingiin
Author/s: Barsbold et al. (2000)
Synonyms: None known
First Discovery: Gobi Desert, Mongolia
Chart Position: 387

Nomingia gobiensis

The tail of Nomingia consists of just 24 vertebrae meaning that, amongst theropod dinosaurs, only the tail of Caudipteryx, with 22 vertebrae, is shorter. It is also the first known non-bird dinosaur to sport a pygostyle (aka "parsons nose"), formed by the last five tail vertebrae being fused into a single plate. In birds, the pygostyle supports long feathers that provide stability and control during flight. Nomingia, however, is an oviraptorosaur, and they couldn't fly due to (amongst other things) tiny wings and lots of heavy muscle, the most notable being a massive "caudofemoralis"—attached to both thigh and tail base— which is a power pack for explosive acceleration.
Etymology
Nomingia gobiensis is named for its discovery in the Nomingiin region of the Gobi Desert. The species epithet, gobiensis (goh-bee-EN-sis), is derived from "Gobi" (for the Gobi Desert) and the Latin "-ensis" (from).
Discovery
The remains of Nomingia were discovered at Bugeen Tsav (aka Bugin Tsav, Bugiin Tsav) in the Nemegt Formation, Bayankhongor Province, Gobi Desert, Mongolia, by the Mongolian-Japanese Palaeontological Expedition in 1994.
The holotype (GIN 100/119) is consists of a series of vertebral, pelvic girdle and a piece of shin bone from the left leg.
Estimations
Timeline:
Era: Mesozoic
Epoch: Late Cretaceous
Stage: Maastrichtian
Age range: 71-66 mya
Stats:
Est. max. length: 1.7 meters
Est. max. hip height: ?
Est. max. weight: 20 Kg
Diet: Herbivore
References
• R. Barsbold, H. Osmólska, M. Watabe, P.J. Currie, K. Tsogtbaatar (2000) "New Oviraptorosaur From Mongolia: The First Dinosaur With A Pygostyle".
• G.S. Paul (2010) "The Princeton Field Guide to Dinosaurs".
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To cite this page:
Atkinson, L. "NOMINGIA :: from DinoChecker's dinosaur archive".
›. Web access: 27th Apr 2017.
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