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ALGOASAURUS

a herbivorous eusauropod dinosaur from the Early Cretaceous of South Africa.
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Pronunciation: al-GO-uh-SOR-us
Meaning: Algoa Bay Lizard
Author/s: Robert Broom (1904)
Synonyms: None known
First Discovery: Algoa Bay, South Africa
Chart Position: 63

Algoasaurus bauri

Algoasaurus is known only from fragmentary remains, very fragmentary remains, discovered in the Upper Kirkwood Formation of Cape Province, South Africa, but it could have been so very different. Quarry workers failed to recognize an entire nine meter long skeleton as 136 million year old ultra-rare fossilized remains and as they carried on pulverising it to make house bricks one of South Africa's very first sauropod discoveries was lost. Ignorance is bliss.

Fortunately, a few scraps were recovered, though not enough to classify it with any certainty. By various experts at various times Algoasaurus has been listed as a macronarian, a diplodocoid, a titanosaur, a titanosaurid and a rebbachisaurid, but until further discoveries present themselves it cannot be classified as anything more specific than Eusauropoda incertae sedis—a true sauropod of uncertain placement.
Etymology
Algoasaurus is derived from "Algoa" (Algoa Bay, near the place of its discovery) and the Greek "sauros" (lizard). The species epithet, bauri, honors vertebrate morphologist and turtle expert (it's true!) Georg Hermann Carl Lugwig Baur.
Discovery
All known fossils of Algoasaurus were discovered at the Port Elizabeth Brick and Tile Company quarry in the Upper Kirkwood Formation (Uitenhage Group), Cape Province, South Africa, in 1903. The Holotype (Port Elizabeth Museum/AMNH 5631) includes a femur, a toe bone and some bits of dorsal (back) vertebrae.
Estimations
Timeline:
Era: Mesozoic
Epoch: Early Cretaceous
Stage: Berriasian-Valanginian
Age range: 145-136 mya
Stats:
Est. max. length: 9 meters
Est. max. hip height: ?
Est. max. weight: 2.9 tons
Diet: Herbivore
References
• R. Broom (1904) "On the occurrence of an opisthocoelian dinosaur (Algoasaurus Bauri) in the Cretaceous beds of South Africa". Geol. Mag. ser. 5, 1: 445-447.
• P.M. Upchurch, P.M. Barrett and P. Dodson (2004) Chapter Thirteen: "Sauropoda" in Weishampel, Dodson and Osmólska (eds.) "The Dinosauria: Second Edition".
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To cite this page:
Atkinson, L. "ALGOASAURUS :: from DinoChecker's dinosaur archive".
›. Web access: 30th Mar 2017.
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