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KHAAN

an omnivorous oviraptorine theropod dinosaur from the Late Cretaceous of Mongolia.
khaan.png
Pronunciation: KAHN
Meaning: Ruler
Author/s: Clark, Norell and Barsbold (2001)
Synonyms: None known
First Discovery: Ömnögovi, Mongolia
Chart Position: 398

Khaan mckennai

Khaan is a crestless member of oviraptororidae, the bird-like maniraptoran dinosaurs with short snouts and deep jaws, and hails from the Late Cretaceous of Ömnögovi, Mongolia. Oviraptorids were mostly herbivorous or maybe omnivorous. However, they probably weren't, well, egg-nivorous, so the name — derived from the Latin "ovi" (egg) and "raptor" (plunderer) — is a tad unfair.

Khaan is very similar to other Asian oviraptorids, hence lots of initial confusion. At first, its remains were assigned to Ingenia - its skull wrongly labelled and displayed in New Yorks American Museum of Natural History as such, then subtle differences in the form of its hands and the shape of its nostrils (and the fact that the name Ingenia had been assigned to a bug in 1957!) hinted at an affinity with fellow crestless Asian oviraptorid Conchoraptor.

In fact, Khaan had enough unique features to warrant its own genus and got it in 2001. Khaan is now... Khaan, and along with Minmi was the shortest non-avian dinosaur name. Then they were trumped in 2004 by Mei, which was knocked of its perch in 2015 by the bat-winged Yi.
(McKenna's Ruler) Etymology
In Mongolian "Khaan" means "ruler". The species epithet, mckennai (muh-KEN-uh-ie), honors American vertebrate paleontologist Malcolm Carnegie McKenna "in recognition of his passionate interest in, and efforts towards the exploration of, fossils in Cretaceous deposits of Mongolia." Sadly, McKenna passed away on March 3rd, 2008.
Discovery
The first fossils of Khaan were discovered in the Djadochta (aka Djadokta) Formation of Ukhaa Tolgod, Ömnögovi, Mongolia, by a joint expedition of the American Museum of Natural History and the Mongolian Academy of Sciences in 2000.
The holotype (IGM 100/1127) is an almost complete skeleton which was discovered alongside a second specimen. The pair were affectionately referred to as "Romeo and Juliet".
Estimations
Timeline:
Era: Mesozoic
Epoch: Late Cretaceous
Stage: Campanian
Age range: 81-74 mya
Stats:
Est. max. length: 1.8 meters
Est. max. hip height: ?
Est. max. weight: 40 Kg
Diet: Herbivore
References
• Clark J.M., Norell M.A. & Barsbold R. (2001) "Two new oviraptorids from the upper Cretaceous Djadokhta Formation, Ukhaa Tolgod, Mongolia."
• John Long and Peter Schouten (2009) "Feathered Dinosaurs: The Origin of Birds".
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To cite this page:
Atkinson, L. "KHAAN :: from DinoChecker's dinosaur archive".
›. Web access: 25th May 2017.
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